What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma refers to a common and difficult eye disease in which intraocular pressure continues to rise intermittently. The disease has a rapid onset and is very harmful and can cause blindness at any time. Sustained high intraocular pressure can cause damage to various parts of the eyeball and visual function, leading to optic nerve atrophy, visual field reduction, vision loss, and blindness in only a matter of time. During the acute glaucoma episode, it will be completely blind within 24-48 hours. If not treated in time, the vision may be completely lost and blind.
Glaucoma is one of the three major causes of blindness in humans, with an incidence rate of 1% in the total population and 2% after the age of 45.
What behavior can cause glaucoma?
1. Turn off the lights and watch your phone
Turning off the lights and playing with the phone is very harmful to your eyes. The contrast between the screen and the dark environment is too large, which makes the eyes tired and can cause a spasm of accommodation. Especially the blue light emitted by mobile phone screens, harmful blue light is one of the important factors leading to glaucoma eye symptoms. Long-term exposure to harmful blue light can easily cause eye damage, cause macular degeneration, glaucoma, and other eye diseases. Therefore, in daily life, if you need to face your mobile phone or computer for a long time, wear anti-blue glasses to protect your eyes from harm.
Whether it is manual or mental work, an overworked body is likely to cause intraocular pressure fluctuations, so the prevention of glaucoma should pay attention to the rules of life, combine work with rest, and avoid overwork. Learn to relax your eyes pressure properly and don’t stare at digital devices all the time.
3. Large mood swings
Excessive anger and anxiety and mental stimulation can easily increase intraocular pressure and cause glaucoma. Therefore, you should maintain a happy mood at ordinary times. Don't be angry and anxious, let alone worry about household chores.
4. Lack of sleep
Insufficient sleep or insomnia is also one of the causes of increased intraocular pressure, which induces acute glaucoma headaches. Elderly people should soak their feet before going to bed and try to drink milk to help sleep, especially those with high intraocular pressure, they should sleep well.
Take care of your eyes and make the sunshine of life more exciting.
These tips can simply help you find glaucoma at an early stage, which is significant to prevent vision loss or slow its progression.
Regular dilated eye examinations. Regular and comprehensive eye exams can help to detect the early stages of glaucoma before serious damage occurs. In general, if you are under 40, you should take a comprehensive eye exam every 5 to 10 years. if you are between 40 and 54 years old, you can take an eye examination every two to four years. In addition, If you are between 55 and 64 years old, you need to check every 1 to 3 years. Besides, if you are 65 or older, you just check every one to two years. However, If you are at risk for glaucoma, you need to be screened more frequently. You can consult your doctor for the correct screening schedule for you.
Learn about your family’s eye health history. Is glaucoma hereditary? Yes. Glaucoma tends to be inherited in families. If you are at a higher risk, you may need to be screened more frequently.
Exercise safely. Regular, modest exercise is beneficial to control glaucoma by reducing intraocular pressure. Discuss a proper training plan with your doctor.
Take the prescribed eye drops regularly. Glaucoma eye drops can remarkably take less risk of developing glaucoma from high intraocular pressure. To be effective, even if you do not have any symptoms, you need to use eye drops prescribed by your doctor regularly.